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Oct 16 2017

Egypt gives Jared Kushner cold welcome after US cuts military aid, News, DW, us military aid by country.#Us #military #aid #by #country

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Egypt gives Jared Kushner cold welcome after US cuts military aid

Egypt’s Foreign Ministry first snubbed then relented and met US presidential adviser – and Trump son-in-law – Jared Kushner. The US reportedly cut aid to Egypt due to human rights abuses.

Us military aid by country

Cairo on Wednesday expressed regret over Washington’s decision to cut aid to Egypt on the eve of the US presidential adviser’s official visit aimed at reviving the stalled Israeli-Palestinian peace process.

“Egypt considers this step as a misjudgment of the nature of the strategic relations that binds the two countries over decades, and reflects the lack of understanding of the importance of supporting the stability and success of Egypt,” said a statement from the Foreign Ministry.

According to US media, Washington blocked nearly $100 million (84.8 million euros) in military and economic aid and delayed the disbursement of nearly $200 million (169.6 million euros) due to Egypt’s lack of progress on human rights abuses.

The sum is noteworthy due to the amount of military aid Egypt receives from Washington. Egypt is the second-largest recipient of US aid behind Israel with approximately $1.5 billion annually.

The move “implies a mixing of cards that may have negative repercussions on achieving Egyptian-American common interests,” Egypt’s Foreign Ministry added.

Us military aid by country

A history of the Middle East peace process

UN Security Council Resolution 242, 1967

United Nations Security Council Resolution 242, passed on 22 November 1967, called for the exchange of land for peace. Since then, many of the attempts to establish peace in the region have referred to 242. The resolution was written in accordance with Chapter VI of the UN Charter, under which resolutions are recommendations, not orders.

Us military aid by country

A history of the Middle East peace process

Camp David Accords, 1978

This picture, taken on March 26 1979, shows Egyptian President Anwar Sadat, his US counterpart Jimmy Carter and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin after signing the peace treaty in Washington. A coalition of Arab states, led by Egypt and Syria, fought in the Yom Kippur or October War in October 1973. This war eventually led to the peace talks which lasted 12 days and resulted in two agreements.

Us military aid by country

A history of the Middle East peace process

The Madrid Conference in 1991

The US and the former Soviet Union came together to organize a conference in the Spanish capital city of Madrid. The discussions, which involved Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, and the Palestinians, who met with Israeli negotiators for the first time, achieved little, although it did create the framework for later talks.

Us military aid by country

A history of the Middle East peace process

Oslo Agreement, 1993

Negotiations, which took place in Norway, between Israel and the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) resulted in the first deal between the two sides, the Oslo Accord. The agreement was signed in the US in September 1993. It demanded that Israeli troops withdraw from West Bank and Gaza and a self-governing, interim Palestinian authority be set up for a five-year transitional period.

Us military aid by country

A history of the Middle East peace process

Camp David 2000

US President, Bill Clinton, invited Israeli Prime Minister, Ehud Barak, and PLO Chairman, Yasser Arafat, to discuss borders, security, settlements, refugees, and Jerusalem. Despite more detailed negotiations than ever before, no agreement was reached. The failure to reach a consensus at Camp David was followed by renewed Palestinian uprising.

Us military aid by country

A history of the Middle East peace process

The Arab Peace Initiative 2002

The Camp David negotiations were followed by meetings in Washington, then in Cairo and Taba, Egypt. They too were without results. Later, the Arab Peace Initiative was proposed in Beirut in March 2002. The plan called on Israel to withdraw to the lines of June 1967, so that a Palestinian state could be set up in the West Bank and Gaza. In return, Arab countries agreed to recognize Israel.

Us military aid by country

A history of the Middle East peace process

The Roadmap, 2003

The US, EU, Russia and the UN worked together as the Middle East Quartet to develop a road map to peace. In June 2003, Prime Minister Sharon and his Palestinian counterpart Mahmoud Abbas, accepted the road map, with the Security Council also approving it in November. The timetable called for the final agreement to be reached in 2005. Unfortunately, it was never implemented.

Us military aid by country

A history of the Middle East peace process

Annapolis, 2007

In 2007, US President George W. Bush hosted a conference in Annapolis, Maryland, to re-launch the peace process. Israeli Prime Minister, Ehud Olmert, and Palestinian Authority’s President, Mahmoud Abbas, took part in talks with officials from the Quartet and over a dozen Arab states. It was agreed that further negotiations would be held with the goal of reaching a peace deal by the end of 2008.

Us military aid by country

A history of the Middle East peace process

Washington 2010

In 2010, special US Envoy George Mitchell’s efforts led to Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu agreeing to and implementing a ten-month moratorium on settlements in disputed territories. Later, Netanyahu and Abbas agreed to re-launch direct negotiations to resolve all issues. Negotiations began in Washington in September 2010, but within weeks there was a deadlock.

Us military aid by country

A history of the Middle East peace process

Cycle of escalation and ceasefire continues

A new round of violence broke out in and around Gaza late 2012. A ceasefire was reached between Israel and those in power in the Gaza Strip, which held until June 2014. The kidnapping and murder of three Israeli teenagers in June 2014 resulted in renewed violence, and eventually led to the launch of the Israeli military operation, Protective Edge, which ended with a ceasefire on 26 August 2014.

Us military aid by country

A history of the Middle East peace process

Paris summit, 2017

Envoys from over 70 countries have gathered in Paris, France, to discuss the conflict between the Israelis and Palestinians. Netanyahu has slammed the discussions as “rigged” against his country. Neither Israeli nor Palestinian representatives are attending the summit. “A two-state solution is the only possible one,” French Foreign Minister, Jean-Marc Ayrault, said at the opening of the event.

Author: Aasim Saleem

Presidential adviser Jared Kushner, son-in-law of US President Donald Trump, arrived in Cairo on Wednesday to wrap up a multicountry visit across the Middle East to shore up support for the Israeli-Palestinian peace process.

Upon arriving in Egypt, the Foreign Ministry first announced that it had canceled a pre-scheduled meeting with Kushner in an apparent response to the military and economic aid cuts. However, the Egyptian president’s spokesman later said Kushner will meet with the country’s head of state instead.

The Foreign Ministry also later relented and agreed to a sit-down with Kushner to discuss ways to revive Israeli-Palestinian peace negotiations.

US-Egyptian relations have witnessed a thaw under the Trump administration, with the US president hailing Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi as a key ally in the war against terrorism.

“I just want to let everybody know in case there was any doubt that we are very much behind President Sissi,” Trump said after meeting the Egyptian president in Washington in April. “He’s done a fantastic job in a very difficult situation. We are very much behind Egypt and the people of Egypt.”

Relations between Cairo and Washington had soured in the wake of a military coup against Egypt’s first democratically elected president, Mohamed Morsi of the Muslim Brotherhood, in 2013. Former US President Barack Obama responded to the ensuing crackdown by freezing military aid.

Written by CREDIT


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