How to Become an Occupational Therapy Assistant
The minimum education requirement for an occupational therapy assistant is a two-year associate’s degree. The degree should be from a program accredited by the American Occupational Therapy Association. Courses vary by school, but will generally include coursework in biology, psychology, kinesiology (the science of movement) and a variety of occupational therapy courses.
Most often, a school that grants associate degrees will provide a formal practicum in which students work under the supervision of a licensed occupational therapist. When it is not part of the formal curriculum, students must arrange to obtain this supervised training separately. The required length of this field work varies by state, but is at least eight weeks in duration. The practicum offered in most schools may last longer than minimum requirements.
Licensing and/or Certification
Graduates must pass the National Board for Certification in Occupational Therapy (NBCOT ) certification examination. OTAs take the Certified Occupational Therapist Assistant (COTA) exam. Once candidates have their associate degree, documented fieldwork experience, and passing COTA exam grade in hand, they may apply to their state for licensure, which is essentially a verification process for the above qualifications.
Necessary Skills and Qualities
Occupational therapy assistants need good physical fitness because they will be physically active for an entire work shift. The job also requires a great deal of patience and compassion. These professionals are in almost constant patient contact; they must love working with people and be able to communicate clearly and with appropriate tact and sensitivity.
Opportunities for Advancement
Because licensure allows occupational therapy assistants to work for OTs only, career advancement depends greatly on solid job performance in support of the therapist. Assistants who demonstrate that they can be trusted, follow treatment instructions and provide excellent care are rewarded with job security, promotions and higher pay.
If you would like to gain the necessary education to become an OTA, we highly recommend that you check out our free School Finder Tool located HERE .
The Bureau of Labor Statistics states that the median income for occupational therapy assistants is $56,950. Those who work in nursing facilities, private practitioners’ offices and home health agencies earn more than those who work in hospitals or schools.
Job growth is projected to increase at a much higher rate than average. The Bureau of Labor Statistics estimates a 43% increase in jobs from 2012 to 2022. As such, there will be 43,200 occupational therapy assistant jobs in 2020 compared to 30,300 in 2012.
By Michael Sapko, M.D.
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